Newark Maps

A Collection of Newark Maps

Last additions
1800 Large Detailed Map1113 viewsJun 26, 2020
1800 Detailed Map1255 viewsThese maps were created by Charles McGrath, this is his explanation of how he created them:

The attached are two maps of the area of Newark called Vailsburg. The detailed map is what it looked like in the 1700's and early 1800's. The other map is for cross reference and shows what the former roads as they presently exist.

The area portrayed on both maps is approximately from South Orange east to the Garden State Parkway and from South Orange Avenue south to Springfield Avenue (this area is approximately two square miles).

Long forgotten roads like "Old Road" and forgotten areas like Flaggy Swamp, Brushy Plain, Dogs Misery and North Farms (part of Camp Farms) can be seen on the detailed map.

I began doing research on the history of Vailsburg in the early 1960's. At that time there were no complete maps of Vailsburg from the 1700's and early 1800's I tried to fill this void by generating a map of Vailsburg from that period. The description of land on a deed would contain coordinates, landmarks and the names of adjacent neighbors.

Through extensive research of land deeds at the Essex County Hall of Records I became very familiar with its residents. This was essential because there were no street names or house numbers.

The map was created like someone trying to solve a jigsaw puzzle. The main difference being that the puzzle pieces also had to be made. I would make a jigsaw piece from a known deed to a common scale of 1" = 300'. This piece would be compared with countless others to find it's location on the map. As a result, after many years of research, I developed a map of Vailsburg which reflects the area from the 1700's to the early 1800's.

Each parcel of land on this map has the following information:

The name on the property is that of the grantor (owner) who sold the land to the grantee (buyer).
The year on the property is when the grantor sold it.
Directly below the year is the letter (or prefix) which indicates the Grantor book and the number represents the page in that book.

The above mentioned information was obtained from the Grantor Books at the Essex County Hall of Records. For an example look at the upper left hand portion of the Vailsburg map. The property with road frontage on the west side of the Road to Connecticut Farms (Stuyvesant Avenue) was sold by Doctor Bonnel to Jabez Baldwin in 1811 A.D. In Grantor's Book T, located on page 367. The following is a description of that parcel of land on this map as copied from the above deed:

On the northwest side of the road that leads from Captain Eleazer Hedden's to Connecticut Farms. Beginning at the southeast corner of Jonathan Lindsley's orchard at a white oak stump.

(1) N68 Degrees W 17 chains and 4 links to Nathaniel Tichenor's.

(2) S14 Degrees W 3 chains to a stake.

(3) S65 Degrees E 17 chains and 78 links to the end of a stone fence.

(4) S11 Degrees W 6 chains and 57 links to Denises Gutter.

(5) S44 Degrees E 3 chains and 90 links to a stake at the corner of

Moses Roberts.

(6) N23 Degrees E 5 chains.

(7) S68 Degrees E 6 chains and 86 links.

(8) N27 Degrees E 7 chains and 27 links.

(9) S78 Degrees E 1 chain.

(10) N26 Degrees E 1 chain and 19 links.

(11) N83 Degrees W 70 links.

(12) N21 Degrees W 2 chains.

(13) N5 Degrees E 1 chain and 54 links .

(14) N63 Degrees W 2 chains and 54 links.

(15) N78 Degrees W 2 chains and 79 links.

(16) N62 Degrees W 2 chains and 52 links.

(17) N82 Degrees W 2 chains and 78 links.

(18) S25 Degrees W 2 chains and 33 links to the beginning.

(total area = 19 acres)

Note One chain equals 100 links or 66 feet
Jun 26, 2020
Vailsburg circa 18002368 viewsJun 26, 2020
1800 Deed862 viewsAaron Baldwin
Jabez B. Baldwin
Lying in West Farms lying west of Dennis Patent
37 acres
Fourteenth day of April in the twentieth year of American Independence
and in
the year of our lord Christ one thousand seven hundred and ninety six.

Aaron Baldwin
Jun 26, 2020
18811883 viewsMap Legend
(1) Lydia Lindsley's House
Lydia Lindsley's house was built around 1760 A.D. It was a local tradition that George Washington used it as his head quarter's during the Battle of Springfield in 1780 A.D. This house was located on Stuyvesant Avenue near Silver Street. It faced east and was 300' from the Elizabeth River (Brookdale Avenue). Around 1900 A.D. a Mr. Weeder owned this house. He was the old lamp lighter who traveled by horse and wagon throughout the streets of Vailsburg tending the the gaslights. It was torn down in 1965 A.D. and was replaced by a small apartment complex.

In the late 1940's as a young newspaper boy for the Newark Star Ledger I visited this house many times. It was a one story building and the main entrance was around 6 feet above Stuyvesant Avenue. The living room floor was made of 6" wide wooden planks. The kitchen had a large brick oven (used for baking) in it's fireplace.

When it was torn down 37 years ago I tried to salvage portions of it. I retrieved two large beams and a portion of the brick oven. I have a portions of the pegged beams (tendon and mortise) with roman numerals carved on them. The roman numerals were evidently used to identify each beam. I never seen this done before because the beams were made on site. There would be no need to identify them during construction. It's my contention that this house may have been moved to its present location in the early 1700's.

(2) The first school in Vailsburg
The first school in Vailsburg was a one room school house built in 1850 A.D. when this area was still part of South Orange Township. It was called Columbia School. It was located on South Orange Avenue near Boylan Street Pool. The building was used in later years as Charlie's Bike Shop. The building next store to it was ABCO Auto Parts Store.

Another school was built on Alexander Street in 1895 A.D. This building was much larger and could accommodate more students ; however, it soon proved to be to small for a growing population. It was replaced by the present day Alexander Street School. The older building was moved to 128 Brookdale Avenue where it now serves as a two family house.

(3) The First Horse Car Line To Vailsburg
Shortly after the Civil War, Dr. Vail and several of his friends raised $50,000.00 and constructed a a horse car line (a trolley car pulled by a horse) on South Orange Avenue. The Car ran from Boston Street (three blocks up from High Street) to Munn Avenue. Dr. Vail was superintendent of construction and conductor on its maiden trip from Newark. The fair at that time was six cents.

While the Orange Horse Car Railroad was a progressive adventure it turned out to be a financial failure because it was ahead of it's time. James Boylan ( source of the name for Boylan Street ) took over the line and also failed.

It wasn't until John Radel bought it in 1877 A.D. that it proved to be a great success. By then the crowds from the lower portions of Newark had discovered Scheutzen Park (Vailsburg Park) and used the line to visit it frequently. This line was also primarily responsible for the rapid growth and development of Vailsburg. It provided a means of transportation for those who wanted to work in Newark and live in the suburbs. The original horse car stables were still standing in the late 60's. They were opposite Brookwood Street in the rear of a gas station.

(4) Scheutzen Park
Scheutzen Park or Shooting Park was a favorite picnic and outing spot for the people of other portions of Newark. Scheutzen Park which later became Electric Park was one of New Jersey's first and most important amusement parks. Electric Park was located on the present site of Vailsburg Park

(5) Washington Stayed Here
There is a tradition that Washington and some of his men stayed here during the Revolution. In 1797 A.D. (Battle of Springfield). Aaron Baldwin owned this property and willed it to his son Joel. The map at that time, dated September 7,1797 A.D., showed the old house on South Orange Avenue, which at that time made a north -east turn near what is now Munn avenue. The road was much higher than it is now. South Orange Avenue is referred to as "The Road "and Munn Avenue as " the road running from the main road to North Orange ."

In my research I came across this house many times. This area was also called "Dogs Misery ". The house was probably built prior to 1717 A.D. Aaron Baldwin owned slaves ( slaves in Vailsburg). Unfortunately this house was demolished in circa 1960 and replaced by Kravet's Pharmacy.

(6) Dr. Malcolm Vail
Vailsburg was named after Dr. Malcolm Vail. I believe he was a medical doctor. He was the first mayor of the Borough of Vailsburg and he lived on Vail Street near Kenmore Avenue. The area we know as Vailsburg was once part of Clinton Township and later it became part of South Orange Township. From 1895 -1905 A.D. this area became the Borough of Vailsburg. In 1905 A.D. it became part of Newark.

Joshua O. Baldwin's homestead
In 1881 Mr. Albert Smith who later became the Mayor of Vailsburg owned the property on the southeast corner of South Orange and Sandford Avenues. This was the homestead of Joshua O. Baldwin's. This house was built in the latter portion of the 1700's . Around 1900 A.D. It was known as the Raub Homestead. It's wide front porch and broad lawn containing a brook (branch of the Elizabeth River) faced South Orange Avenue. This home was the scene of many annual Fourth of July celebrations. These took place while Vailsburg was a independent borough (1895-1905 A.D. ). It was later remodeled although most of the old time charm remained. I'm sure many of us remember it as Burn's Funeral Home. Today it's a private residence?
Jun 26, 2020
1800 Cross Reference903 viewsJun 26, 2020
19041482 viewsAlong So. Orange Ave. from Isabella to Clinton Street, showing Alexander Street School, German Zion Church & West End Hose Co. #2Jun 26, 2020
Newark 1666 - 17131895 viewsJun 26, 2020
1700 Lyons Farm and Woodruff Farm (updated 8/1/06)2409 viewsJun 26, 2020
1670 Newark, lot's of the first settlers. (partial map)1471 viewsJun 26, 2020
18361491 viewsJun 26, 2020
1700 Lyons Farm and Woodruff Farm Narrative1520 viewsJun 26, 2020
Newark Mountain 16961992 viewsJun 26, 2020
1872 Essex County1075 viewsJun 26, 2020
Newark Township ~1710920 viewsJun 26, 2020
East Jersey (including Newark, Elizabeth, Woodbridge & Piscataway Townships)1033 viewsJun 26, 2020
1747 Newark and Vicinity1055 viewsJun 26, 2020
1850 Newark, west to first mountain1068 viewsJun 26, 2020
1891 Essex County topographical map1159 viewsJun 26, 2020
1614 Area map of North Eastern New Jersey850 viewsJun 26, 2020
Tillinghast Street541 viewsJun 26, 2020
Rose Street529 viewsJun 26, 2020
Rose Terrace533 viewsJun 26, 2020
South Tenth Street552 viewsJun 26, 2020
Lyons Avenue552 viewsJun 26, 2020
Nye Avenue829 viewsJun 26, 2020
Edmunds Place529 viewsJun 26, 2020
Clinton Avenue909 viewsJun 26, 2020
Edwin Place765 viewsJun 26, 2020
Clinton Avenue552 viewsJun 26, 2020
Clinton Avenue859 viewsJun 26, 2020
Bragaw Avenue483 viewsJun 26, 2020
Bragaw Avenue502 viewsJun 26, 2020
Waverly Avenue803 viewsJun 26, 2020
Bloomfield Avenue704 viewsJun 26, 2020
West Side Park574 viewsJun 26, 2020
West Side Park484 viewsJun 26, 2020
Springfield Avenue733 viewsJun 26, 2020
Ashland Street484 viewsJun 26, 2020
Woodland Avenue487 viewsJun 26, 2020
German Street523 viewsJun 26, 2020
Lister Street648 viewsJun 26, 2020
Manufacturers Place772 viewsJun 26, 2020
Horatio Street663 viewsJun 26, 2020
Emma Street532 viewsJun 26, 2020
Lister Street546 viewsJun 26, 2020
Cornelia Street720 viewsJun 26, 2020
Chapel Street931 viewsJun 26, 2020
Brown Street548 viewsJun 26, 2020
Chapel Street870 viewsJun 26, 2020
Blanchard Street539 viewsJun 26, 2020
Berlin Street578 viewsJun 26, 2020
Plank Road666 viewsJun 26, 2020
Barbara Street663 viewsJun 26, 2020
Albert Avenue536 viewsJun 26, 2020
New Street574 viewsJun 26, 2020
Jefferson Street478 viewsJun 26, 2020
Harper Street509 viewsJun 26, 2020
Garden Street515 viewsJun 26, 2020
Emmet Street445 viewsJun 26, 2020
Emmet Street780 viewsJun 26, 2020
Dawson Street498 viewsJun 26, 2020
Backus Street425 viewsJun 26, 2020
Clover Street439 viewsJun 26, 2020
Avenue D472 viewsJun 26, 2020
Wheeler Point Road457 viewsJun 26, 2020
Wheeler Point Road486 viewsJun 26, 2020
Wheeler Point Road456 viewsJun 26, 2020
Vesey Street548 viewsJun 26, 2020
VanBuren Street561 viewsJun 26, 2020
Parkhurst Street451 viewsJun 26, 2020
Lum Street464 viewsJun 26, 2020
Jefferson Street556 viewsJun 26, 2020
Murray Street449 viewsJun 26, 2020
Renner Avenue532 viewsJun 26, 2020
Stanton Street468 viewsJun 26, 2020
Pennsylvania Avenue558 viewsJun 26, 2020
Osborne Terrace473 viewsJun 26, 2020
Peddie Street553 viewsJun 26, 2020
Noble Street530 viewsJun 26, 2020
Meadow Road476 viewsJun 26, 2020
Marie Place490 viewsJun 26, 2020
Meadow Road537 viewsJun 26, 2020
Livingston Street528 viewsJun 26, 2020
Lyons Avenue486 viewsJun 26, 2020
King Street549 viewsJun 26, 2020
Keer Avenue516 viewsJun 26, 2020
Frelinghuysen Avenue533 viewsJun 26, 2020
Earl Street456 viewsJun 26, 2020
Conklin Avenue540 viewsJun 26, 2020
Chancellor Avenue561 viewsJun 26, 2020
Belmont Avenue538 viewsJun 26, 2020
Chancellor Avenue533 viewsJun 26, 2020
Wilbur Avenue439 viewsJun 26, 2020
Wright Street478 viewsJun 26, 2020
Vassar Avenue506 viewsJun 26, 2020
Treadwell Street643 viewsJun 26, 2020
VanWagenen Street585 viewsJun 26, 2020
Warren Street817 viewsJun 26, 2020
Cabinet Street650 viewsJun 26, 2020
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